The CPUSA and the CPI(Maoist): A Tale of Two Kinds of Marxists

On May 27th, 2013, the Communist Party USA shared on its facebook a statement by the Communist Party of India (Marxist) on the May 25th ambush and murder of 28 Indian politicians by Maoist rebels.  The statement, endorsed by the CPUSA, read:

“The PolitBureau of the CPI(M) strongly condemns the barbaric attack by the Maoists…This is the latest and most shocking example of the politics of violence and terror practiced by the Maoists against all their political opponents…The CPI(M) extends its condolences to the families of all those killed. It demands a high level enquiry into the incident. It also demands firm action to be taken to stop these Maoists depredations. It calls upon all democratic forces to fight the politics of violence by the Maoists.”1

In a string of comments underneath the post, critics clearly expressed their disapproval of the CPUSA’s stance and used the opportunity to denounce the Party as “revisionist”, guilty of a “reactionary response” and “labor centrist complacency”, and some proceeded to condemn the Communist Party of India (Marxist) and defend the Maoists.  I even commented:  “It is a telling disgrace that our Party would uphold such a counter-revolutionary view on our comrades in the Global South giving the capitalist-imperialist system what it deserves. Solidarity with the Maoist revolutionary resistance!”

The matter at hand, the problem that is glaringly exposed in the case of this issue, is that unavoidable reality that is the reactionary political stance and counter-revolutionary, traitorous position of the Communist Party USA which is due to its current programatic line.  By pursuing, in accordance with what is deemed as the present “stage”, an “all people’s front” against the ultra-right comprising an alliance with the section of the bourgeoisie represented by Obama and the Democrats, termed the “more realistic trend” (try not to scoff!) in the Party’s 2005 program, the CPUSA has increasingly sold out its ideological integrity so as to appease the Democrats and other “progressive” fellow-travellers of the “all people’s front.”

Thus, we find the CPUSA condemning the revolutionary triumph of the Indian Maoists’ people’s war in the massacre of a convoy of neo-colonial, blood-sucking, super exploitative and oppressive politicians who have time and again ordered the cleansing and expropriation of the population in the process of primitive capitalist accumulation.  Why are the Maoists at fault? Because they have violated the norms of bourgeois democracy and reformism and have resorted to that intolerable crime: revolutionary, violent action.  The Communist Party of India (Maoist), instead of peddling a reformist and counter-revolutionary line of trying to secure a seat at the table in bourgeois politics like the CPUSA and the Communist Party of India (Marxist), is committed to overthrowing the Indian neo-colonial state through people’s war, and protecting from expropriation and ethnic cleansing the Adivasis and other marginalized, but substantial aboriginal portions of the Indian population.  This revolutionary stance is the crime of the Maoists of India in the eyes of the CPUSA and the opportunist, reformist parties of India.  The Communist Party of India (Maoist) has endeavored to lead and struggle alongside the masses, while the Communist Party of India (Marxist) and others have decided to stand in the way of the masses and oppose them in an opportunist attempt of reformism.  The CPUSA, meanwhile pursuing the same policy, has unsurprisingly taken the side of the traitors against the revolutionaries.

This line on the revolutionary movement in India is organically rooted in the CPUSA’s revisionism and reformism.  In its effort to appease and ally with the Democrats, and gradually work through the designated stages of (1) all people’s front against the ultra-right, (2) anti-monopoly coalition, and finally (3) leftist electoral victory, the CPUSA has shunned Marxist-Leninist theory and practice in its domestic as well as international role.  Instead of supporting such progressive, revolutionary movements as those of the Maoists in India and the Communist Party of Great Britain (Marxist-Leninist) in the United Kingdom, the CPUSA has upheld the all-too-familiar lines of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) and the Communist Party of Britain which mislead the masses in pursuing opportunist and reformist, and overally utterly revisionist lines which have, are, and will lead to failure.

It is a controversy like the one concerning the Maoists’ attack on Indian politicians that should give real impetus to the struggle against the prevailing line of the CPUSA and demonstrate to Marxists the urgency of revolutionizing the CPUSA in theory and practice.  Any party that rejects and condemns our comrades’ crucial struggle in the third world against imperialism and capitalism is a party that is unfit for the few revolutionaries of the first world, who bear the dual task of building a revolutionary communist movement at home while supporting and highlighting the movements abroad and educating first world workers in proletarian internationalism so as to break their chains and sever their connections with the vast exploitation of the third world by the first world.  American workers in particular are a crucial portion of the global labor aristocracy which is coopted by imperialism in order to appease class struggles at home through the sharing of bourgeois privileges and the surplus-value made possible through the plunder of the third world.  As neo-liberalism faces its systemic crisis and American and first world workers begin to see the real face and substance of the global capitalist-imperialist order, a communist party armed with radical theory and practice, especially a genuine proletarian internationalism, will be necessary more than ever.  The Communist Party USA, by condemning the Indian Maoists, has demonstrated yet again the futility of the present line and its implications, and the urgent necessity of a new, revolutionary one.

Let us learn from the Indian Maoists.

1. http://cpim.org/content/barbaric-maoist-attack-condemned

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